The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2020 - World | ReliefWeb

The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture report is produced every two years by the Food and Agriculture arm of the United Nations.

It is the only report that tracks global fisheries and food trends– and it predicts that the Covid pandemic will have long-term impacts on the seafood industry, including reduced demand and prices.

Seafood is one of the most traded food commodities in the world and global fish consumption has increased by 3.1 percent on average from 1961 to 2017, higher than all other animal proteins. Estimates peg global per capita fish consumption at over 45 pounds in 2018.

World fisheries in 2018 produced a record 212 billion tons, 5.4 percent more on average from the previous three years.

The increase was due mainly to anchovy catches of 15.4 billion pounds from  Peru and Chile.  Alaska pollock ranked second with nearly 7.5 billion pounds, followed by skipjack tuna.

World aquaculture production reached another all-time record of nearly 252 billion pounds live weight in 2018 worth about  $264 billion.

The US ranks 6th overall for marine fish captures following China, Indonesia, Peru, India, and Russia.

It’s estimated 59.5 million people were engaged in fishing and aquaculture in 2018; women account for just 14 percent.

The total number of fishing vessels, from small non-motorized boats to large at-sea processors, was 4.56 million, down 2.8 percent from 2016.

The US ranks 6th overall for marine captures following China, Indonesia, Peru, India, Russia.

The Northwest Pacific had the highest production, producing 25 percent of global landings in 2017.

The Mediterranean and Black Sea had the highest percentage of stocks fished at unsustainable levels at 62.5 percent, followed by the Southeast Pacific (54.5 percent) and Southwest Atlantic (53.3 percent). In contrast, the Eastern Central Pacific, Southwest Pacific, Northeast Pacific and Western Central Pacific had the lowest levels (13–22 percent).

For Covid impacts, the  report predicts global seafood production will be down 1.7 percent and trade value will decrease by nearly $6 billion.

The global Fish Price Index showed an  8.3 percent drop in fish prices between January and May of this year compared to the same time in 2019.

For salmon, the most valuable traded seafood commodity, a worldwide drop in demand of at least 15 percent is projected and retail sales are not expected to recover for some time.